Origin and Extraction Process:
The process of making BHO had its origins in the late 20th century and gained popularity as cannabis concentrates became more prevalent. Furthermore, BHO production involves a process known as butane extraction, in which butane gas dissolves the desirable compounds from cannabis plant material. Subsequently, the resulting extract is then purged of residual solvents to create a concentrated form of cannabis.
The extraction of BHO involves several steps:
Preparation: Pack cannabis plant material, typically dried and cured flower buds, into a container or extraction tube.
Butane Extraction: Pass liquid butane through the cannabis material, dissolving the desirable compounds, including cannabinoids and terpenes. Butane acts as a solvent, extracting these compounds from the plant material.
Collection: Collect the liquid butane extract, which contains the desired compounds, in a separate container.
Purging: Subject the collected extract to a process called purging, where you remove residual solvents, such as butane. Typically, this is done through a combination of low heat and vacuum, allowing solvents to evaporate while leaving behind the concentrated cannabis extract.
Forms and Usage:
BHO comes in various forms:
- Shatter: BHO has a glass-like consistency, often translucent, and is brittle.
- Wax: BHO exhibits a soft, pliable, wax-like consistency.
- Budder: BHO has a creamy, butter-like texture.
- Crumble: BHO has a crumbly and dry texture.
People primarily use BHO for dabbing, a method of consuming concentrates. In dabbing, individuals vaporize a small quantity of BHO on a heated surface, typically referred to as a dab rig or dab nail. Inhale the vapor through the dab rig to experience the concentrated effects of cannabinoids and terpenes.
Producing BHO involves using flammable solvents, like butane, which can create safety risks if mishandled. To prevent accidents or explosions, adhere to safety protocols and work in a well-ventilated area. Proper equipment, such as closed-loop extraction systems, can reduce extraction-related risks.
Regulations and Legality:
The legality of BHO differs by jurisdiction. Some areas impose specific regulations and restrictions on BHO extraction and possession. It is important to comprehend and adhere to local laws governing the production and use of BHO.