A greenhouse is a structure specifically designed for the cultivation and protection of plants. It provides a controlled environment that allows for year-round growth and optimal conditions for plant growth and development.
Greenhouses are typically made of transparent materials such as glass or plastic, which allow sunlight to penetrate while trapping heat inside. This creates a greenhouse effect, where the temperature inside the structure is warmer than the outside environment, even during colder seasons.
The primary purpose of a greenhouse is to create a microclimate that can be customized to suit the specific needs of plants.